The President of the Republic 

Marechal Idriss Deby (President oft Chad

His Excellency Mr. Idriss DEBY ITNO

Biography

Born in 1952 in Berdoba (BET).

He entered the French School in Fada, after having attended the Koranic School in Tiné. His studies then led him to the Lycée Franco-Arabe d'Abéché and the Lycée Jacques Moudeina in Bongor. Holder of a Scientific Baccalaureate, he began his military training at the School of Active Officers of N'Djaména (Promotion 1975-1976) before entering the Aeronautical Institute of Amaury la Grange in Hazebruk (France) . Having become a transport pilot, graduated parachutist, he found the country in turmoil after the fighting of February 1979.

His military qualities were quickly noticed on the ground, which earned him the appointment in 1980 of Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the North (FAN). When these take control of the capital, IDRISS DEBY ITNO is at the head of the first column which enters N'Djaména.

Commander-in-Chief of the Army, IDRISS DEBY ITNO was also a member of the Northern Armed Forces Command Council (CCFAN). Promoted to the rank of Colonel, he went to France where he attended the Ecole Supérieure de Guerre Inter-Armées (1986-1987).

Back in Chad, he was appointed Advisor to the Presidency of the Republic in charge of defense and security, and at the same time, Commissioner for the Armies, then for Security within the Executive Office of the Central Committee of the National Union. for Independence and Revolution (UNIR), the then ruling party.

On April 1, 1989, in disagreement with HISSEIN HABRE, IDRISS DEBY ITNO and some companions decide to leave N'Djaména towards the East. The path is perilous; the small column must fight several battles in a situation of numerical and material inferiority. Only IDRISS DEBY ITNO made it to Sudan. The Survivors created the “April 1 Action” which united with other formations fighting against the dictatorship to form in March 1990 the Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS). At the end of a dazzling offensive, IDRISS DEBY ITNO and his men kick HISSEIN HABRE out of the country on December 1 of the same year.

President of the Patriotic Salvation Movement since its creation, IDRISS DEBY ITNO was brought to the Presidency of the Council of State upon the victory of the Patriotic Forces (December 04, 1990), then appointed President of the Republic on February 28, 1991 upon the adoption of the National Charter. Promoted General of the Army on February 21, 1995, IDRISS DEBY ITNO was invested President of the Republic on August 8, 1996 following the first pluralist elections in Chad.

At the end of a well-filled first five-year term, the President requests and obtains from the Chadian people on May 20, 2001 a second five-year term. He was invested President of the Republic of Chad on August 8, 2001.

On May 3, 2006, after having been able to lead a real policy of socio-economic development and the fight against poverty, IDRISS DEBY ITNO, was re-elected for the third time to the supreme office for a new five-year term.

His commitment to the establishment of a state of law and democracy was crowned by a European Prize. On April 20, 1991, the President IDRISS DEBY ITNO indeed received the European Prize UMBERTO BIANCAMANO.

President IDRISS DEBY ITNO has also received several other honorary distinctions. This is how he was advocated "Peacemaker" by the Supreme Council of Islamic Affairs on March 10, 2010
He was made Commander of the International Order of Academic Palms by the African and Malagasy Council for Higher Education (CAMES) on May 7, 2010.


IDRISS DEBY ITNO also received the "Paul Harris Fellow Medal" from the Rotray Club on May 9 June 2010.
On July 8, 2010, the Union of Students and Youth of CEN-SAD awarded him the "Prize for Stability and Development".
Rotary International presented to the Head of State IDRISS DEBY ITNO the "Prize champion of the eradication of polio" on August 08, 2010 in NDjamena.
To crown his commitment and his multiple actions in favor of the youth, the President IDRISS DEBY ITNO was made "Doctor honoris causa" on October 05, 2010 by the King Fayçal University.

The President of the Republic IDRISS DEBY ITNO also received the diploma of DOCTOR HONORIS CAUSA from the University of Abomey Calavi on July 7, 2011, a title awarded to him by the scientific council of the University of Abomey Calavi (UAC ).

Raised to the rank of Honorary President of the African Federation of Associations of Parents of Pupils and Students (FAPE) and designated as the best parent of African student, the Head of State IDRISS DEBY ITNO received on April 25, 2012, the gold medal and the diploma of honor of the said organization of parents of African pupils and students. This honorary distinction of FAPE aims to salute the efforts made by Chad in the field of Education.

He was elevated on May 5, 2012, to the Dignity of Grand Cross of the National Order of the Central African Republic, symbol of a gesture of gratitude towards him.

On May 17, 2013, the Senegalese newspaper “NOUVEL HORIZON” in Dakar awarded the President of the Republic IDRISS DEBY ITNO the “SEDAR SPECIAL” prize for his commitment to the cause of his country and that of the entire continent but also for his leadership and his pan-Africanist vision. The “SEDAR SPECIAL” prize was awarded to him in Dakar, on the occasion of the 10th edition of SEDAR, named after the late Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor.

On July 22, 2013, during a solemn ceremony at the Presidential Palace in N'Djamena, the President of the Republic IDRISS DEBY ITNO was elevated to the supreme dignity of Grand Cross of the International Order of Academic Palms (OIPA) of the African and Malagasy Council for Higher Education (CAMES).

The supreme dignity of Grand Cross of OIPA / CAMES is attributed to the Head of State IDRISS DEBY ITNO on the sidelines of the 35th session of the inter-African consultative committees of CAMES held in N'Djamena from July 15 to 23, 2013.

This distinction honorary from CAMES, the second of its kind, to President IDRISS DEBY ITNO, thus crowns his commitment and efforts in the field of Higher Education in particular and the development of his country in general.